I-980, or the John B. Williams Freeway, is the portion of the Grove-Shafter Freeway that connects I-880 to I-580 and CA-24. The freeway has a complicated history, but was initially planned as the eastern approach to the San Francisco Bay Southern Crossing – a second Bay Bridge that was never constructed. The construction of the Grove-Shafter Free-way resulted in significant dislocation and relocation of Oakland residents and businesses that were located in its designated right-of-way. Its existence represents a more complex story around race and class within Oakland and the Bay Area. I-980 is also viewed as the de facto eastern “border” of West Oakland.